Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage-basin characteristics by Donald M. Thomas

Cover of: Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage-basin characteristics | Donald M. Thomas

Published by U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington .

Written in English

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  • United States.


  • Stream measurements -- United States.,
  • Hydrometeorology -- United States.,
  • Runoff -- United States.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 55.

Book details

Statementby D. M. Thomas and M. A. Benson.
SeriesGeological Survey water-supply paper ;, 1975
ContributionsBenson, M. A., joint author.
LC ClassificationsTC801 .U2 no. 1975
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 55 p.
Number of Pages55
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4693267M
LC Control Number77606598

Download Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage-basin characteristics

Streamflow characteristics might be estimated at any ungaged, natural- flow site from the presently available long-term streamflow records. Another purpose of the study was to determine the topographic and climatic drainage-basin characteristics most effective for explaining the site-to-site variations in by: Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage-basin characteristics Water Supply Paper By: D.M.

Thomas and M.A. Benson. Get this from a library. Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage-basin characteristics. [Donald Thomas; M A Benson; Geological Survey (U.S.); United States.

Department of. Purchase Streamflow Characteristics, Volume 22 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1.

Reliable estimates of streamflow characteristics are needed for planning, design, and operation of works for providing water supplies and for protection from flooding.

This book brings together some of the most useful estimation methods - those that are simple, practical, and require only commonly available or readily obtainable data, and which give results comparable in accuracy with those.

Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage-basin characteristics by Donald Thomas () 8 editions published Hawaii by M. E Cox (Book) 1 edition published. Relating low-flow characteristics to the base flow recession time constant at partial record stream gauges Ken Eng1 and P.

Milly2 Received 27 June ; revised 18 September ; accepted 10 October ; published 5 January Topographic and meteorologic characteristics of a drain- age basin affect streamflow from the basin.

The characteristics that were used in this study to evaluate the drainage-area ratio method were drainage area, main channel slope, and precipita- tion. Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage-basin characteristics, US Geological Survey, Water Supply Paper, ), which relate regional physiographic characteristics to streamflow statistics are developed to estimate the streamflow statistics where data are needed but not available.

Chapter 9 LOW-FLOW CHARACTERISTICS INTRODUCTION The adequacy of streamflow to meet requirements for disposal of liquid wastes, and for municipal or industrial supplies, supplemental irrigation, and maintenance of suitable conditions for aquatic life is commonly evaluated in terms of low-flow characteristics (Biggs, ).

Other watershed characteristics –Drainage Density •it measures the efficiency of the basin drainage (i.e. of how well or how poorly a watershed is drained by rivers) •it depends upon both climate (e.g. rainfall regime) and physical characteristics (e.g.

geology, slope, soil, land cover) of the drainage basin. Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection. Generalization of Streamflow Characteristics from Drainage-basin Characteristics. Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage-basin characteristics book U.S.

Geological Survey, Water-Supply Paper Thomas, M. Third, the key role played by runoff processes and the runoff responses of streams and how they reflect differences in topography, soils and land use is examined.

Finally, the nature of the dynamic relationship between streamflow and acidity for some catchments at Llyn Brianne is described. fEFFECT OF BASIN CHARACTERISTICS In addition to the spatial and temporal characteristics of rainfall, the physical features of the watershed also control the shape of the runoff hydrograph.

Factors affecting the hydrograph include: drainage area, slope, roughness, storage, drainage density, channel length, and antecedent moisture conditions.

Let O(x) represent the true streamflow statistic at a site with basin characteristics described by the column vector x. The precision with which the regression estimate at the site, xT~, approximates O(x) can be described by the sampling mean square error: MSE(x) = xT(X[A~IXh)-lx (27) Note that k is an index referring to different sets of.

These characteristics include drainage area, perimeter, mean slope, mean elevation, drainage density and drainage direction.

The drainage density is the cumulative length of all streams within the catchment, normalized by the drainage area of the catchment. The stream network consists of all outlet points draining an area greater than 40 km 2.

Header title: Streamflow statistics and drainage-basin characteristics for the southwestern region, Washington, Volume I. Header title: Streamflow statistics and drainage-basin characteristics for the eastern region, Washington, Volume II.

Chiefly tables. One. In this study, the long daily streamflow series from four hydrological stations along the mainstream East River were analyzed. The detailed information of the dataset can be referred to Table 1 and the locations of the hydrological stations can be referred to Fig.

Fig. 2 displays raw streamflow series of four hydrological gauging stations of the East River basin. W.P. NovitzkiHydrologic characteristics of Wisconsin's wetlands and their influence on floods, stream flow and sediment Wetland Functions and Values: The State of Our UnderstandingP.E.

Greenson, J.R. Clark, J.E. Clark (Eds.), Proceedings of the National Symposium on Wetlands, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, November 7–10,American Water. Characteristics of a drainage basin are distributed in this modeling system by dividing the drainage basin into hydrologic response units (HRU's). In theory, these HRU's represent homogeneous areas in the drainage basin that have a uniform and characteristic response to hydrologic input.

The significant characteristics identified for the drainage-basin ^equations included contributing drainage area, relative relief, drainage frequency, and 2-year, hour precipitation intensity.

The average standard errors of prediction for the drainage- basin equations ranged from. Regional generalization of flood characteristics The flood of a specified return period is estimated by multiple regression from basin characteristics such as size of catchment, annual precipitation, shape factor, drainage density etc.

Among these parameters, the size of drainage basin is the most important and available factor. Chuck Kroll, Joana Luz, Brad Allen, Richard M. Vogel, Developing a Watershed Characteristics Database to Improve Low Streamflow Prediction, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, /(ASCE)()(), 9, 2, (), (). Thomas, D M, Benson, M,“Generalization of streamflow characteristics from drainage basin characteristics”, USGS Water Supply Paper (US Government.

Correlations between four climate parameters and streamflow in three Minnesota streams were investigated. Runoff values measured over periods of up to 37 years were correlated with precipitation, air temperature, wind, and dew point temperature.

The overall objective was to examine if relationships can be obtained which require only readily available input parameters without calibration.

Streamflow and basin-characteristic data are needed for a variety of scientific applications including estimation of flow in ungaged basins and hydro-ecological classification of rivers.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Bureau of Reclamation and the Southern Rockies Landscape Conservation Cooperative (SRLCC), selected a subset of streamgages across the SRLCC domain. Streamflow statistics and drainage basin characteristics for the southwestern region, Washington, Volume 1.

Streamflow statistics and drainage basin characteristics for the eastern region, Washington, Volume 2. Responsibility: by J.R. Williams and H.E. Pearson ; prepared in cooperation with the State of Washington Department of Ecology.

Twelve of the drainage-basin characteristics constitute specific quantifications of area, length, relief, aspect, and stream order; the other 15 characteristics are computations that make use of the various quantifications to calculate other drainage- basin characteristics or statistics.

Donald Thomas Thomas, Donald, VIAF ID: (Personal) Permalink: Sherwood, J.M. and Huitger, C.A.,Bankfull Characteristics of Ohio Streams and Their Relation to Peak Streamflows: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report The data set was used to develop methods to estimate bankfull characteristics of Ohio streams and to relate geomorphic characteristics of Ohio streams to peak.

Streamflow Database Development [11] This study uses data from river sites contained within the Hydro‐Climatic Data Network (HCDN), a streamflow data set provided by the USGS [Slack and Landwehr, ].The HCDN data set is useful for studying surface water and was specifically developed for examining the effects of climate change on hydrologic conditions.

Streamflow statistics and drainage-basin characteristics for the Puget Sound Region, Washington [microform] / by J.R. Williams, H.E. Pearson, and J.D. Wilson Book Bib ID. The effects of controlled burning of part of a chaparral-covered drainage basin on streamflow and sediment characteristics were studied in the upper reaches of the Sycamore Creek basin in central Arizona.

A paired-watershed method was used to analyze data collected in two phases separated by the controlled burning of 45 percent of the East Fork Sycamore Creek drainage basin by the U.S. Forest. StreamStats Application. StreamStats is a Web application that provides access to an assortment of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analytical tools that are useful for water-resources planning and management, and for engineering and design purposes.

The map-based user interface can be used to delineate drainage areas for user-selected sites on streams, and then get basin characteristics. The methods involve (1) the use of drainage area ratios, (2) the use of estimates of monthly means and standard deviations based on regional streamflow-basin characteristics models, and (3) two.

The Basin Characteristics System (BCS) has been developed to quantify characteristics of a drainage basin. The first of four main BCS processing steps creates four geographic information system (GIS) digital maps representing the drainage divide, the drainage network, elevation contours, and the basin length.

The drainage divide and basin length are manually digitized from ,scale. ABSTRACT: The Basin Characteristics System (BCS) has been developed to quantify characteristics of a drainage basin. The first of four main BCS processing steps creates four geographic information system (GIS) digital maps representing the drainage divide, the drainage network, elevation contours, and the basin length.

Streamflow Q estimation in ungauged catchments is one of the greatest challenges facing hydrologists. Observed Q from to small-to-medium-sized catchments (10–10 km 2) around the globe were used to train neural network ensembles to estimate Q characteristics based on climate and physiographic characteristics of the catchments.

In total, 17 Q characteristics were selected. Medina, K.D. ‘Analysis of Surface-Water Data Network in Kansas for Effectiveness in Providing Regional Streamflow Information- with a Section on Theory and Application of Generalized Least Squares.’ U.S.

Geological Survey Open-File Report 85–, 39 p. Google Scholar. Thomas, D. and M. Benson,Generalization of Streamflow Characteristics From Drainage-Basin Characteristics, Geological Survey Water-Supply PaperUnited States Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

U.S. Department of the Interior,Physiographic and Hydraulic Studies of Rivers,Geologi. Brandon, Portage la Prairie and Winnipeg. The Assiniboine River joins the Red River close to downtown Winnipeg.

The hydrology of the Assiniboine River Basin is consistent with that of prairie river systems. There is large variability in annual stream flows with peaks occurring during the spring freshet and low flows during fall and Size: 5MB.The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress.

This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more.Streamflow characteristics critical for fish communities in the Tennessee River basin have been identified, according to recently published U.S.

Geological Survey research. Of particular note are three which describe the stability of streamflow, frequency of moderate streamflow, and the rate at which streamflow recedes after rainfall events.

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